BFAST, Breaks For Additive Season and Trend, integrates the decomposition of time series into trend, season, and remainder components with methods for detecting and characterizing change within time series. BFAST & BFASTmonitor:
Fitted seasonal, trend and remainder (i.e. estimated noise) components for a 16-day MODIS NDVI time series (data series) of a pine plantation in the northern part of the study area. Three abrupt changes are detected in the trend component of the time series. Time (- - -), corresponding conidence interval (red), direction and magnitude of abrupt change and slope of the gradual change are shown in the estimated trend component. The solid bars on the right hand side of the plot show the same data range, to aid comparisons.
Simulated 16-day MODIS NDVI time series. The period from 2004 until mid-2010 (i.e., the time step just before the simulated break), is considered the history period and the period after the simulated break is the monitoring period (grey background). The monitoring period contains 6 observations. The result of the monitoring approach is shown: A stable history period is identified within the history period (i.e., 2007 until mid-2010) and used to model and predict the normal data variation (blue dashed line) to enable disturbance detection. Here, a disturbance is detected after 3 observations in the monitoring period (green vertical line)."
Applications: Deforestation, forest health monitoring and phenological change detection within time series of spatio-temporal data sets (satellite images).
News (1) : Examples illustrating how bfastmonitor() can be applied on satellite image time series (i.e. raster bricks) can be found in the example section of the bfastmonitor() function. All question and comments are welcome. Please see the MODIS package and the great raster package for more information for reading, writing, and processing of raster data.
Contact: Jan.Verbesselt'@'wur.nl. To install the most recent version directly within R type: install.packages("bfast", repos="http://R-Forge.R-project.org")
This open-source project was partly funded by a Marie-Curie IRG grant within the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme to Jan Verbesselt (grant agreement 268423)
The project summary page you can find here.